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Poslaťod god5mane98 » 17 Júl 2017 10:20

Guyana has moved two places upwards to 117 in the latest United Nations Human Development Report (HDR) index, but the body warned that continuing failure to reduce grave environmental risks and deepening inequalities, threatens to slow decades of progress by the world’s poor majority.“Our remarkable progress in human development cannot continue without bold global steps to reduce both environmental risks and inequality.”According to the report,NFL Jerseys Cheap China, new analysis shows how power imbalances and gender inequalities at the national level are linked to reduced access to clean water and improved sanitation, land degradation and illness and death due to air pollution, amplifying the effects associated with income disparities.For Guyana,NFL Jerseys From China, the ranking will be medium.Topping the rankings of the UN report is Norway. Australia, the Netherlands, US, New Zealand and Canada follow. At the bottom of the 187 countries analyzed is the Congo.In the region, Barbados is the only CARICOM territory to place in the top 50 at number 47.Uruguay is the only South American country in the top 50.HDRs have been published by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as intellectually independent and empirically grounded analyses of development issues, trends, progress and policies.In the top 100 countries, the Bahamas, Antigua and Barbuda, Trinidad and Tobago,Cheap Sports Jerseys, Grenada and Costa Rica are included.ACCOUNTABILITYThe report states that investments that improve equity,NFL Jerseys Cheap, for example, in access to renewable energy, water and sanitation, and reproductive healthcare—could advance both sustainability and human development.“Stronger accountability and democratic processes can also improve outcomes. Successful approaches rely on community management, broadly inclusive institutions and attention to disadvantaged groups.”The report also found that financing needed for development are many times greater than current official development assistance.Deforestation remains a major challenge.Between 1990 and 2010, Latin America and the Caribbean as well as Sub-Saharan Africa experienced the greatest forest losses, followed by the Arab States. The other regions have seen minor gains in forest cover.OVER-FISHING, CLIMATE CHANGEAround 45 million people—at least 6 million of them women—fish for a living and are threatened by overfishing and climate change.“The vulnerability is twofold: the countries most at risk also rely the most on fish for dietary protein, livelihoods and exports. Climate change is expected to lead to major declines in fish stocks in the Pacific Islands, while benefits are predicted at some northern latitudes, including around Alaska, Greenland, Norway and the Russian Federation.”The effects of climate change on farmers’ livelihoods depend on the crop, region and season, underlining the importance of in-depth, local analysis. Impacts will also differ depending on household production and consumption patterns, access to resources, poverty levels and ability to cope. Taken together, however, the net biophysical impacts of climate change on irrigated and rain-fed crops by 2050 will likely be negative— and worst in low HDI countries.Despite near universal primary school enrolment in many parts of the world, gaps remain the report said.Nearly three in 10 children of primary school age in low HDI countries are not even enrolled in primary school, and multiple constraints, some environmental, persist even for enrolled children.“Lack of electricity, for example,Fernando Rodney Jersey, has both direct and indirect effects. Electricity access can enable better lighting,Wholesale Jerseys Free Shipping, allowing increased study time, as well as the use of modern stoves, reducing time spent collecting fuel, wood and water, activities shown to slow education progress and lower school enrolment.”“Energy is central to human development, yet some 1.5 billion people worldwide – more than one in five—lack electricity. Among the multi-dimensionally poor the deprivations are much greater—one in three lacks access.”Global energy supply reached a tipping point in 2010, with renewables accounting for 25 percent of global power capacity and delivering more than 18 percent of global electricity.
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